Women’s reproductive rights are one of the basic human rights. However, millions of women are deprived of the basic practice of controlling their own body.
Women as carriers of the human race should not be limited in spacing and timing of their production. Women are also supposed to have free access to reproductive health care.
Women’s reproductive rights are one of the cornerstones of feminism as well. It’s impossible to raise the idea of gender equality until the issue of women’s reproductive rights remain so blurry and despised in today’s world.
Millions of women don’t have the basic access to contraceptives and health services. They are derived from making their own decisions and become victims of an unfair chain of events.
This upsetting situation ruins the dreams of millions of women. The sizes of this problem are enormous. Let’s agree, every image becomes much more clear, when you’re watching it from above instead of watching it from inside of it.
Moreover, there are legal and moral issues with child abortions in many counties. That is to say, millions of women are not allowed to choose whether they want to give birth or not. And this refers not only in-marriage pregnancies but also to out-of-marriage ones.
For example, if the woman got pregnant as a result of rape, she still is not given a chance to choose her further fate, with or without the child. Many people find this kind of issues a violation of women’s rights.
So, for realizing the real sizes of the problem it would be better for you to go up with the stairs and watch the problem from above. I mean let’s go through all of the points which restrict the reproductive rights of women.
Reasons Why Females Face Women’s Reproductive Rights?
Women’s reproductive rights should include the right to safe abortion, the right to birth control, the access to good quality reproductive healthcare, the right to education and access for women to be more informed in this sphere. This will help them to make more efficient reproductive decisions.
This is how it officially looks like. Simple, isn’t it? However, hold on, everything is not so simple in practice. The matter of reproductive rights of women is one of those issues that raises a huge of controversy.
In some countries, there are a number of violations of above-mentioned law. There is a number of issues standing in the way of reproductive rights of women. That may be linked to the socioeconomic level of population, religious views or cultural habits of the society.
Unfortunately, today women are facing discrimination in reproductive rights constantly and we cannot deny it. They lack freedom of choice in this sphere and become victims of a society. In many societies, a woman is viewed not as an individual who is free in making her own decisions but as a reproductive machine who is supposed to have children or get rid of them not by her own choice.
Historical Overview of Women’s Reproductive Rights
It’s not a secret that historically man used to possess unlimited power over women’s bodies. They were the ones with the right to choose whenever and wherever the sexuality and reproduction could happen.
During the historical development, this heavy ice, which seemed everlasting started melting. Women started fighting for being integrated into the society as its full members. They fought for their basic human rights which also includes the reproductive rights.
The first mentionings about women’s reproductive rights came up in 1945 United Nations Charter. The statement about women’s rights was introduced as an obligation “to promote… Universal respect and observance of Human Rights and fundamental freedom for all people without discrimination such as for race, sex or religion”.
However, it is obvious that the statement was not clear and contained many controversies. Reproductive rights were not included in the matter of human rights. For about two decades there was not a single mentioning about women’s reproductive rights in international legal documents.
The first mentioning about women’s reproductive rights appeared only in 96 to 8 in the proclamation of Tehran which stated: “parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and the spacing of their children.”
After that proclamation, women’s reproductive rights became one of the most heated issues. The term” women’s reproductive rights” gained large usage. It started appearing in many articles, debates and was the top discussed the issue so far.
Under some traditional and emotional impacts, women’s reproductive rights issues still remain among most arguable issues in the world.
Safe Abortion as a Key Attribute of Women’s Reproductive Rights
Yes, the key idea of women’s reproductive rights lays under the issue of safe abortion. Today the topic of abortion is one of the most arguable topics so far. Some people are against it others consider it a basic human right. The arguments mainly come from religious beliefs and traditional basis.
A number of international organizations, groups, and individuals from different countries of the world support safe abortion. Because of some religious and cultural basis abortion, it’s believed to be immoral for some group of people.
These members of the society influence the violation of women’s reproductive rights. Women face pressure from different sides in terms of freedom of choice of abortion. This creates some barriers for women’s access to safe abortion.
A number of governments have taken actions and removed the restrictions in the law which binds safe abortion. It’s essential to understand that no woman in the world deserves to place her health at the risk because safe abortion services are not available to her.
It’s undeniable: if women’s basic rights of safe abortion are restricted there can’t be any talk about gender equality. No woman deserves to continue the unwanted pregnancy only because she has nothing to do instead.
Women should be able to make decisions about their own party and health without external pressures or influences. Unfortunately, whether want it or not, there still remain a number of laws in various countries which are actively restricting the safe abortion.
The movement for safe abortion for women rose a huge wave, especially during recent years. Several governments picked up on laws binding abortion. However, the right to safe abortion is still not accepted in a number of countries.
In some of them, for instance, in Ireland Hungary and Poland, it is extremely limited, in others like in Malta it’s completely illegal.
By the way, it can be legal in some countries however it may raise additional difficulties because of lack of necessary hospital facilities or the pressures the centers practicing abortion face.
One thing is clear, the laws regulating safe abortion of women is an inseparable part of women’s reproductive rights and limiting those rights is a savage violation of human rights. The issues of abortion remain not fully regulated and there is a lot to work on.
Violation of the Right to Plan a Family
Another vivid violation of women’s reproductive rights is the restriction of family planning of women. The freedom to family planning includes the right to decide whether to carry or terminate the pregnancy to reproduce or not and also be free in choosing the preferred method of family planning and contraception.
It appears that pregnancy is the table in a number of workplaces. For instance, in Mexico’s exporting center pregnant women are restricted from getting a job there. The woman who is applying for that job is constantly required to undergo pregnancy tests. At the same time, already employed women are forced to resign when they get pregnant.
This is nothing but an exact example of the violation of family planning. Other violations can be reflected in different ways such as the limited access to contraceptives. That kind of limitations brings serious problems connected with women’s healthcare.
Education About Women’s Reproductive Rights Can Make Huge Changes
It’s not a secret the violations of women’s reproductive rights can be listed in a huge paper so you can hardly reach the end of the paper ever. We can continue listing them fighting against them until the last efforts and yet, not reach any positive changes.
The reason will be the fact that we overlook where the core problem comes from. Lack of education: I’m pretty sure the violation of women’s reproductive rights will last until the world is facing the problem of limited education.
No woman can identify the problem she faces if she doesn’t know much about it. The education of reproductive rights will lead the society to become more integrated and informed about the issue.
The education of reproductive rights is super important. Every member of the society has to know what are their basic rights and all issues in detailed connected with the reproductive healthcare.
It’s upsetting that in many countries the abortion is prohibited. Meanwhile, the proper education about how to avoid pregnancy is not accessible for many of women. They lack the simple education about their health and reproductive issues.
This may cause teenage pregnancies, forced abortions etc. That kind of issues should never be your overlooked. Every woman should be free to safe sex and the right to decide its time and frequency.
Governments throughout the world including even the most developed countries, where the democracy level is very high, every day the restrict millions of women from their fundamental reproductive rights. Every day women put their own lives on the danger only because they cannot afford a proper reproductive healthcare.
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