Women empowerment laws are meant to put an end to gender discrimination. Such legal empowerment provides women with an access to various resources and opportunities.
The need for women empowerment has its roots back in the history. Women have been targets for discrimination, various types of violence and nobody has ever cared for equal rights between male and female.
In this regard, behavioral change in the society is required, however without laws and rules societies can simply be out of control. The same is true about women empowerment laws.
In 1995, for instance, at the historic United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing, 189 countries literally vowed to “revoke any law that discriminates on the basis of sex“ by 2005.
Moreover, all those states have approved the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women by taking actions to abolish discrimination against women. However, today in 2017, little has changed since the convention was signed. Women are sick and tired of hearing about their traditional image, being treated partially and the stuff.
Anyway, Women’s have collected several women empowerment laws which seek to treat women as equals and break the glass ceiling in the workplace. As a parent, wife, daughter, employee and a woman, these are the rights enforced to protect you and other women. So it is very important for you to become aware of them.
Women Empowerment Laws #1 | Magna Carta of Women
Various laws and policies that tend to empower and protect women, ensure equal rights and opportunities for both men and women, have been recently strengthened with the help of Magna Carta of Women in the Republic of the Philippines.
Do not confuse it with the British one, please. This Filipino Magna Carta of Women is all about women’s fundamental human rights law. The latter seeks to put an end to discrimination against women by recognizing, protecting, fulfilling and promoting the equal rights of Filipino women.
Furthermore, this law guarantees equal employment opportunities as well. What is cool about such women empowerment laws is that the Magna Carta and others convey a framework of rights for women based on the international law.
By enforcing the law the Philippines Government takes the responsibility as well as legal obligation to protect and promote women’s rights.
Women Empowerment Laws #2 | The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006
Premature marriage still remains a hot topic of discussion. Many countries, especially Muslim ones, still carry on with this tradition without realizing that it’s a violation of women’s rights.
The International Research Centre for Women has revealed that over 47% of girls are married under the age of 18. India ranks 13 in the world in terms of early child marriages. Such habit has become part of the Indian culture and tradition since centuries. Accordingly, it has been taking tougher times to eliminate it.
So, the Indian government made the first steps and enforced “The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act” It was made effective in 2007. This act defines child marriages a marriage “where the groom or the bride is underage, that is, the bride is under 18 years of age or the boy is younger than 21 years.”
Since these marriages have already been considered illegal under this law, there has been a decline in the number of premature marriages nationally in nearly all Indian states. However, change takes place quite slowly especially for girls in rural areas.
Women Empowerment Laws #3 | The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976
Besides early child marriages, other crimes against women still remain a huge problem in India. The equal pay gap is another deviation from equal rights between a male and a female.
To keep the situation under control the government of India passed “The Equal Remuneration Act.” This act is about equal compensation for men and women workers who perform the same work in India.
Equal pay is not the only point of the act. Besides, it prohibits discrimination in recruitment, promotion, training, and transfer. However, the gender pay gap still exists and it varies across Indian states. In Bihar, for instance, the unequal pay makes 63%. It has the highest level in India.
Women Empowerment Laws #4 | The Companies Act, 2013
The Companies Act is an act enforced by the Indian parliament. It regulates incorporation of a company, responsibilities of a company, directors, dissolution of a company.
However, the most important point in this act is all about creating quotas for women directors. This actually is a standard norm in EU countries, but it is also something new to Asian countries.
According to the act, the companies will have a year to gear up and make sure that at least one woman is appointed as a director. Larger private companies have been given a longer period to meet this new requirement. The act might seem quite a good one. But here is something important about this.
No one will argue that only experienced women with the right qualifications will be inducted into the position of a director. And this actually means that women will be chosen from the senior hierarchy of working women. Accordingly, the role of a woman as a leader will be promoted.
Women Empowerment Laws #5 | The Factories Act, 1948
When talking about women rights’ violations and women empowerment laws India seems to remain in the spotlight. Leaving in traditionalist and conservative society Indian women become quite vulnerable.
Another law that comes to protect them is Factories act enforced in 1948. This act is kind of different from others. It refers to women are banned from working in certain and are restricted from working during the late night shift like between 7 pm and 6 am. The act was not fully accepted by many women organizations.
They even protested against it and dubbed as discrimination. Furthermore, this issue is still a matter of heated debate among the younger workforce. Anyway, with growing violence against women, other employers find that such a change provides extra security for women.
So, this law is somewhere in the middle of pros and cons of the debate on gender discrimination and equal rights.
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