Female participation in politics is an essential part of healthy social integrity. However, to put it mildly, it has not always been encouraged. Not many women had access to public affairs once.
For many decades politics was considered a male-dominated sphere where women had nothing to do. Female participation in politics has especially enlarged in 1954 when the United Nations convention on political rights of women went into force.
This enabled women to gain equal rights to vote, hold an office and have an access to public services. Of course, the picture has considerably changed today, it’s still undeniable that women are definitely underrepresented in politics.
The numbers and the statistics come to prove that only a small part of world’s governments are women. Today a number of countries are exercising some methods which will increase the female participation in politics.
Of course, this kind of measures acts on the statistics positively. During the recent years the female participation in politics has increased, however, politics still remains a male-dominated sphere today.
It would be not sensible to underestimate the importance of women in the political sphere. One of the major issues and destinations of each government has to be to engage more and more women in public policy end fill the huge gender gap possessing in politics.
Female Participation in Politics: What do the statistics Say?
Female participation in politics is still slammed by male participation in politics if we view the map in numbers. According to IPU Female participation in politics more exactly national of parliaments increased from 22.6 to 23. 3 from 2015 to 2016.
It is obvious that the process of integration of women in politics goes extremely slow. Of course, the numbers indicate the female participation in politics for all countries of the world, and the statistics help us throw somehow general and still not clear look at it. However, there is a crucial difference between the rates in different countries as well.
The rates of female participation can be high in one country and extremely small in another country at the same time. For instance, in Arab states, only about 9.7% women take part in political affairs. Meanwhile, in Europe, the percentage stands at 22,5%.
This kind of differences between numbers come from various inner and outer factors such as cultural norms, traditions influencing on women’s role in society.
Countries like Rwanda, Norway, Sweden are considered the countries where the female participation in political affairs is ranked as the highest.
The rates of women participation in politics come from the models of the government as well. If the country is known for the more strict regime or let’s say is inclined to authoritarianism regime then the participation of women is fewer in comparison with democratic countries.
Is Female Participation in Politics Only Ceremonial in Some Countries?
There’s also another extremely important thing to state: there are some countries that the participation of women of women in politics stands at high rates. However, this is only something formal and in reality women black to raise their own voice that ideas in the political sphere.
Burundi, for example, has one of the highest allocations of seats in parliament for women. 36% of MPs are women. Regardless the statistics, the rights of women politicians are violated here.
The female members of the parliament complain that whenever they want to say something or act out of the plan, which the powers of the country give them, they put their political career under a serious danger.
Their actions are heavily restricted so, the numbers are here to indicate only the formal part of the situation. The reality is far more different. Democracy and women’s rights are nothing but a fairytale here.
This what’s an exact example how women’s role is underrepresented in politics.
How is female participation in politics influenced?
It’s impossible to deny the importance of females participation in politics. Is there anyone that still puts this idea to the question? It’s out of any suspicion that women participation in politics really matters.
Today female participation in politics is an integral part of equal rights for all people. Many women nowadays cannot participate in politics because a number of barriers can face it, such as poverty, violence, lack of access to education and healthcare etc.
The number of women in politics holding offices rises every day. However, those are just numbers which are taken globally and don’t mark the situation in every country.
There are many countries that have still the gender imbalance in governmental bodies. The picture is especially upsetting in Egypt, Tunisia, Lebanon where you can hardly see female politicians.
And finally, if you still question why women participation is so important in politics, just a useful piece of advice: you don’t have to look too deep into the question, it is simple.
We cannot say that female participation in politics is crucial because women are smarter kinder or altruistic than men. That would not be right. The participation of women in politics is so important because it is an integral part of democracy and for all the governmental bodies to function more effectively.
It is logical that we cannot get the full image of society as long as we see the participation of 1 gender in it.
So, it’s not only essential just to formally engage women in politics, it is more than essential to engage as many women as needed to guarantee the fair representation of both genders. Rwanda, for example, has 56% of female participation in politics.
Female participation in politics will bring with itself the solution of another highly important issue: women can address more of their concerns connected with women’s rights and such topics connected with women.
Why After All the Measures Taken Does Female Participation in Politics Remain Low?
It’s difficult to deny that getting an office in the political sphere for women is much more difficult than for men. The reasons come from deeply rooted stereotypes which unconsciously reflect on today’s situation as well.
Statistics of women participation in politics state once again that women still remain underrepresented in this sphere. Because of lack of support, women continue to be underrepresented in politics around the world.
The obstacles women face constantly changes throughout the time but continue to create not fewer hardships for women. After being elected, women continue to face hardships. One of them is harassment against women in media.
Many women politicians from different corners of the world complain about getting sexist treatment from media which shows lack of respect towards their gender. The non-equal approach towards women brings lack of confidence among women and caused a huge gender gap in politics.
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