Female freedom fighters in USSR were those who were brave enough to raise their voices and disagreement towards unfair gender roles in that times. Well, it’s not a secret for anyone that speaking out against the system was a challenging and a risky decision.
It’s generally accepted to think that women in The Soviet Union were much more privileged than women in other parts of the world in that time.
Well, somehow it might be true because the propaganda of USSR leads to the idea of equality. But did it correspond with truth?
Let’s go more into details and explore what had USSR in common with feminism and gender equality. Was it a myth or reality? Know some famous feminists and female freedom fighters in USSR as well.
Female Freedom Fighters in USSR
The Soviet Union and Feminism
The Bolshevik power tended to create a society which would be close to an ideal one, where all the people would be equal. The idea of equality included women as well. Before the USSR power, women were highly restricted in their actions.
Their only priority was maternity and domestic works. Now women were expected to demonstrate their qualities in the workplace as well. The family role of women changed through the new Soviet policy.
Women gained more independence and freedom of speech and were not only the ones who were responsible for reproduction baring the unrespectable treatment towards them, but also decision makers(well, at least, they had to be according to new laws).
The plan of the ideal society and complete equality, however, turned out, not to be fulfilled. Unfortunately, the equality of women still remained a distant dream in USSR and what was more upsetting women in USSR could not speak out about that.
Instead of gaining freedom of choice and actions women were put into the ferns. USSR rules just changed the way women were expected to behave. In fact, women gained new responsibilities but did not become free from their traditional family roles of a domestic leader.
So, women were expected to take responsibilities both at a workplace and at home at the same time.
It’s obvious that those new rules had nothing in common with quality. They were just artificial attributes to form a fake picture of gender equality. Those rules didn’t satisfy many women, however, not many of them found courage in themselves to talk about it.
Many women kept silence for the sake of their own safety. That’s the reason you won’t find many feminists in USSR. However, there were also women who despised the danger of being exiled or executed and shouted out about their rights, let’s call them female freedom fighters in USSR. Some USSR feminists were taking actions secretly, not making it public.
Know some outstanding female freedom fighters in USSR as well.
Everything was not as expected: Female freedom Fighters in USSR were seeking changes
Bolshevik powers promised women that life would be better, women were supposed to be equal with men. That included equal pay, equal working hours etc.
In spite of the nice words and posters which made people believe everything was cool, in fact, many things remained the same. There was possessing a deeply rooted mentality that women still remained inferior to men.
Even the female member of communist parties was not integrated as full members of society.
Legally women were taken as equals to men, but deep down many men couldn’t get rid of the stereotypes that they were superior to women. Although they used to call each other comrades, hardly did they believe in equality.
It’s upsetting but even women were bordered with those stereotypes. They were included to vote a man in the elections because he was a MAN and consequently more reliable.
On the ground of mass injustice feminist movement started growing in USSR, however, it lacked the support by the women in the country. The reason was far from being punished for talking against the system. With the outbreak of World War II, the feminist movement gained some powers.
One-third of the male population of working age was sent to combat. The huge responsibility to deal with the problems in the country lied on women’s shoulders. They were left to fill the workplaces. Some women were even enlisted in the army.
By gaining more power women received more confidence. This lead the feminist take the advantage and raised the idea of equal treatment towards men and women. This time women were seeking a real equality and not something written on paper.
The female freedom fighters in the USSR tried to fight against inequality by their own way. So get known with some of the female freedom fighters in The USSR who had a huge input in the female power.
Discover Female Freedom Fighters in The USSR
Natalya Meklin and the Night Witches
Natalya Meklin is a hero of the Soviet Union flew 982-night combat missions during the world war II. Natalya was one of three women who was the member of three women regiment which was best known with the name Night Witches.
Marina Raskova another hero of the Soviet Union was a pre-war aviator Marina Raskova is best known for the flight of the Rodina with two other women, which set a world distance record. After setting the record Raskova had to quit the flight as they ran out of fuel.
Three women spent a week in Siberia. After being rescued women were given the Hero of the Soviet Union Award. Later in 1941, Raskova was the one to convince Stalin and the Soviet government to create three women’s regiments known as Night Witches.
Through the time more and more women became the members of Night Witches. It became one of the most powerful and best known Night Bomber military regiments during the world war II.
Tatyana Mamonova: The first feminist and well known female freedom fighter in the USSR
Tatyana Mamonova is the first feminist dissident who was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1980 for spreading thoughts and ideas about feminism and equality of genders. She initiated to open the first feminist NG which used to promote the right of women in USSR.
She is best known for the publications Woman and Russia Almanac journal where she first collections of Soviet Feminist writings in 11 languages and 22 countries. Tatyana Mamonova never avoids speaking her years spent in USSR.
The most important thing was I saw that women could do any job because the men were at the front and the women did everything. From the very start, I soaked in that feminism, that belief in life, and the desire to defend women because women defended me.
The best-known feminist in USSR and in Russian today is Maria Arbatova
It is Russian writer which is never concealed her feminist ideology. Ont once did she face difficulties and barriers for her viewpoints in USSR.
However, she never gave up and continues spreading her thoughts and seeking equality. Her most popular book is “My name is a woman”.
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