Domestic violence is a social issue. Globally, the victims of domestic violence are overwhelmingly women. At least one in every four people will experience domestic abuse in their life.
Domestic violence against women and children is still a relevant problem of our time.
It takes a number of forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic, religious, reproductive, and sexual abuse. These can range from marital rape and to violent physical abuse such as choking, beating, acid throwing that results in disfigurement or death.
Our aim is to spread awareness around the world. Listening to the stories of victims can help to share their experiences and spread awareness.
Statistics of Domestic Violence Against Women
The few studies available indicate that physical abuse of Indian women is quite high.
India’s National Family Health Survey in 2005 indicated that, nationwide, 33.5% and 8.5% for sexual violence among women aged 15–49. Bihar was found to be the most violent, with the abuse rate of married women being as high as 59%. It is followed by Madhya Pradesh (45.8%), Rajasthan (46.3%),
Domestic violence against Dalit women is generally understood under caste discrimination. And because of this, Dalit women were named “Untouchables”.
A recent three-year study of 500 Dalit women’s experiences of violence across four Indian states revealed that the majority of Dalit women faced one or more incidents of:
- verbal abuse (62.4%),
- physical assault (54.8%),
- sexual harassment and assault (46.8%),
- domestic violence (43.0%)
- rape (23.2%).
These alarming numbers talk instead of those women.
According to statistics, 60% of Native American women are physically assaulted in their lifetime by a partner or spouse. Men are subjected to domestic violence in large numbers as well, for eg, in situational couple violence, but they are less likely to be physically hurt than female victims.
Social and economically disadvantaged groups in the U.S. regularly face worse rates of domestic violence than other groups.
In London, a minimum of £278m is spent each year responding to domestic violence without even taking into account medical and legal costs.
2 women are killed every week in the UK by a male partner or an ex. Recorded instances of domestic violence have fallen in recent years– around 70% since 1995 according to the British Crime Survey.
The number of domestic violence incidents in England and Wales (UK) was decreased from 588 reported cases in 2001 to 246 in 2017.
According to statistics, every year about 14,000 women die in the hands of partners or other relatives, and 3,000 women kill their partners.
In a 2004 study of domestic violence in the Central Black Earth Region of Russia, 77% of offenders (towards family members) were frequent drinkers. Alcohol in Russian families leaves a crucial impact and not only women are the victims, but also the children.
What Causes Domestic Violence?
Some believe that they have the right to control their partners, and some of them think that women are not equal to men.
Women have to be loyal to men. Because of traditional beliefs, men take the role of a controller and do whatever they want. Women simply become slaves of their husbands.
The vast majority of men possess extreme jealousy towards their wives. Low self-esteem in men cause them to become even wilder and start beating their wives without any reason.
Their strong emotions are ungovernable and they need to control their partner.
Violent behavior is often caused by an interaction of situational factors. Seeing their partner on a higher level of financial or educational sphere is known to make men more likely to humiliate their wives. Men who feel inferior to their partner do not put up with that idea.
This can be an example of the individual factor. Most of the cases the abusers learn violent behavior from their family. Children who witness it may believe that violence is the right way to resolve any conflict.
The wrong community and also cultural influences can also cause this kind of behavior.
The abusers could have been the victims themselves. Some of them might have been abused in their childhood. The concept of revenge is so strong that it can make the person commit a crime.
Unfortunately, the abuser considers everyone as sinners and undertakes the same practice towards others.
Undiagnosed psychological disorders are also factors. Many families experience this and it is considered to be the hardest one to control.
The abuser is eventually either given the proper punishment or is hospitalized.
Alcohol and drug addiction. These are the top reasons for violent behavior. Most of the cases that we learn from the TV or magazines are the cases of domestic violence caused by drunk, uncontrolled people.
All these reasons causing domestic violence do not justify the condition or status of the abuser. Both the abused and the abuser need help to escape the grim realities of abuse and violence.
The Worst Domestic Violence Attacks: Acid Attack: Social Issues
Male violence against women is everywhere: at home, work and community. There is no safe haven. In some parts of the world, domestic violence is implemented in the most severe ways.
Acid attacks are among these. There are 2 stories that stand out.
New York – Inside Edition October 5, 2015 – Reports
A woman, whose ex-boyfriend disfigured her when he threw acid in her face, is now working as an advocate for domestic violence victims.
“I was a pretty woman. He definitely wanted to disfigure me. He wanted me to be unattractive to any other man,” she said.
“No amount of time would justify what he did to me because I have to live like this for the rest of my life,” said Sims.
Sadly her words are true, she can’t forget and forgive him, because the damage done is far beyond repair. And now this woman is working as an advocate and helping others to restore the justice.
The judge sentenced: “It will be 20 years to serve in the state penal system.”
This is a very sad story. Women like Sims should not lose their hope. The abusers must get their worthy punishment.
Acid Attack Survivors Forced To Live With Attacker
India, Uttar Pradesh – CAP TV July 23, 2017 – Reports
A mother and daughter in India – both acid attack survivors – have been forced to continue living with their attacker and forgive him due to public pressure in India.
Listening to this story from the victims of acid attack, the absurd excuses and apologies from the abuser, what could our thoughts be? Some of us might judge and criticize the man who was drunk and out of control. Some of us might blame the women for forgiving him.
The Untouchable Women: Who are they?
Continuing the topic of violence in India, we are taking into our perspectives the other issue concerning women violence. The issue is about Dalit women who are victims of caste discrimination. They were named “The Untouchables” due to the problem. Who are the Untouchables?
There are two types of women who may be called so:
- the first are the ones who are too ugly or horrible to be treated well.
- The second group consists of women who have perfect beauty. They are so perfect that no man would dare to take them out, or date them. Boys even find them intimidating. But of course, these girls are not as perfect as they might seem. Their confidence is a benefactor to their beauty.
Another idea is that their confidence comes from knowing who they are. She knows she is beautiful, she is self-reliant, is passionate and enjoys life fully and she has a job. She is independent and doesn’t need anyone.
They are untouchable, they don’t need others’ opinions and they know their worth. But every human being has a weak part, these girls have difficulties letting people “in” and are usually single, but fine with it.
The only man good enough for an Untouchable woman is the Unattainable man. The confident, handsome man of purpose and action.
The Untouchables are brave enough to consider themselves equal to men. They can fight and protect themselves. This type of untouchable women is typically 1 in 300 women
The first and the most vulnerable type of the “Untouchables” are the ones who are victims of discrimination. The Dalit women are sexually abused and seen as untouchables because they belong to the low caste. This women are regarded as the lowest of the low. They are seen as the easiest targets for sexual or physical abuse.
The Dalit are not allowed to enter the houses of upper-class people. “The Untouchables” are given water to drink only by pouring it on their palms in order to avoid direct connections.
CNN reported an article about the Dalit Untouchable Women. The country’s 2011 census states that just over 16% of India’s population are Dalits – making up roughly 200 million people. According to India’s National Crime Records Bureau, more than four Dalit women are raped every day in India.
The NRCB’s 2014 statistics say crime against Dalits rose 19%. In many of the cases, these crimes are committed by upper caste perpetrators.
Words of Dalit women
Have you heard upper caste girls getting raped in our community? We are poor and powerless. That is why upper caste men rape our girls. They can get away with anything because they have money and power.
I am a TB (Tuberculosis) patient and because I am Dalit, the doctor will not even come close to me. But when an upper caste patient comes to the clinic, the doctor goes close to the patient and sees them properly without any hesitation.
We cannot send our daughters unaccompanied to the fields, to fetch water or even to school. Men from the upper caste stare at our daughters with lustful eyes.
Dalit woman Bimla Devi
Another story is told by activist Bishnu Maya Pariyar. This is a documentary about her native village and her sufferings. She tells the story of her so-called “Untouchable family”.
Now she is fighting against discrimination that ruins the lives of hundreds of women. She has a dream of getting an education and fighting for the rights of Dalit women.
Mrs. Pariyar dedicated her whole life to protecting the Untouchables and domestic violence victims. She became an activist and an advocate for human and women’s right due to her hard work, family and struggle for education.
We expect something to be changed regarding domestic violence, but instead, we see nothing. People are not changing their way of living and their perspectives. We will not see any change unless people change.
“The Untouchable Women” continues staying on the pages of newspapers and will always be a discussion topic. Only women like Mrs. Pariyar or acid attack victim Sims stand against discrimination and violence. The world needs people like them.
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